Dilemma Qualitative Method

Hammersley, Martyn
ISBN:
9780415017725

The dispute over the value of qualitative versus quantitative approaches to social research originated in nineteenth-century debates about the relationship between the methods of history and natural science. Within sociology, this dispute first arose in the United States during the 1920s and 30s, between adherents of 'case study' and 'statistical' methods. One of the main advocates of case study was the Chicago sociologist, Herbert Blumer. His influential writings on methodology provide a link between this earlier controversy and the debates of the 1960s, 70s and 80s. However, Blumer's arguments for qualitative, or 'naturalistic', method retain a central ambivalence: does that method share the same logic as natural science, or does it represent a different form of inquiry characteristic of history and the humanities? That issue continues to underlie discussions of qualitative method, and provokes fundamental questions about the procedures employed by qualitative researchers. The Dilemma of Qualitative Method is a stimulating guide to this key area of social research methodology. The author sketches the historical context of the dispute and provides a detailed account and systematic analysis of Blumer's methodological writings, including his doctoral thesis. The strategies for qualitative research advocated by Blumer and others within the Chicago tradition are reviewed and assessed.

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