Seeking Explanations: Abduction in Logic, Philosophy of Science and Artificial Intelligence (ILLC dissertation series)

Llera, Atocha Aliseda
ISBN:
9789074795739

A central theme in the study of human reasoning is the construction of explanations that give us an understanding of the world we live in. Broadly speaking, abduction is a reasoning process invoked to explain a puzzling observation. A typical example is a practical competence like medical diagnosis. When a doctor observes a symptom in a patient, she hypothesizes about its possible causes -- based on her knowledge of the causal relations between diseases and symptoms. This is a practical setting. Abduction also occurs in more theoretical scientific contexts.

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