An Approach to Cybernetics
This book is not for the engineer content with hardware, nor for the biologist uneasy outside his specialty; for it depicts that miscegenation of Art and Science which begets inanimate objects that behave like living systems. They regulate themselves and survive: They adapt and they compute: They invent. They co-operate and they compete. Naturally the y evolve rapidly, Pure mathematics , being mere tautology , and pure physics, being mere fact , could not have engendered them; for creatures to live, must sense the useful and the goo d; and engines to run must have energy available as work : and both, to endure, must regulate themselves.