Jerry L. R. Chandler

To understand the natural emergence of complexity one must consider the hierarchical interrelationships among material. spatial, temporal. biological and semantic closure. It would be desirable to formulate a systematic approach toward integrating these distinctive concepts into a coherent perspective of the emergence of closure. Progress in complexity research suggests we can begin to approach this capability. Trans disciplinary communication depends on semantic closure. Without semantic closure, each discipline will assign a local meaning to a global concept. Although natural language: seldom requires scientific precision. modem trans disciplinary work in the biological, social. and computational sciences and in philosophy depends on semantic transparency. Progress in complexity research requires mutual access to semantic closures. The concept of closure challenges the basic concepts of science and of scientific philosophy. Whether one. is concerned with mathematics, physics, biology. or medicine, it is necessary to define a domain of discourse and the specific object of concern within this domain. In the act of defining the specific closure of concern. one purposely includes objects of one class and excludes other objects or classes,_ Thus, the act of defining a closure leads naturally to a separation, a distinction, a placing of value on what is important and what i~ not important. The reasons for including this and excluding that constitute a choice-a choice grounded in the values of the scientist or philosopher. This volume focuses on the ro le of closure at various hierarchical levels to partially address questions or the potential relations between self-organization and selection. The book seeks to clarify the role closure plays in explaining the emergence, development and evolution of structurally stable systems at various levels such as the chemical. biochemical, biological. psychological. and cultural

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